Build & Install a Bath Cabinet Part 2 of 4 Assemble the Cabinet

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Cabinetry and casework are fundamental to making built-ins and bookcases. This small wall-hung cabinet is a useful item for bathroom or kitchen, and it is a great project for a beginning carpenter to develop some basic cabinetry skills. It is also extremely inexpensive to make.

 

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Continue to Step 1

Overview

Cabinetry and casework are fundamental to making built-ins and bookcases. This small wall-hung cabinet is a useful item for bathroom or kitchen, and it is a great project for a beginning carpenter to develop some basic cabinetry skills. It is also extremely inexpensive to make. The entire case, including the top, can be built from an 8-ft.-long piece of 1 x 10 wood (you’ll need a little extra material for the shelving and the towel rod). The mitered frames applied to the fronts of the door give the look and feel of a raised panel door, without any of the fuss.
We built the version of the cabinet you see here out of No. 2 and better pine and then gave it an orangey maple finish. You can choose any lumber you like for this, even sheet stock such as MDF, and apply a clear or a painted finish. For a traditional look, choose a white enamel paint. Be sure and apply several thin coats of polyurethane varnish, especially if the cabinet will be installed in a wet area like a bathroom.

Cutting List
Part
No.
Desc.
Size
Material

A 1 Top
3⁄4 x 91⁄4 x 191⁄2
1 x 10 pine

B 2 Sides
3⁄4 x 71⁄2 x 201⁄4
1 x 10 or 1 x 8 pine

C 2 Doors
3⁄4 x 9 x 15
1 x 10 pine

D 2 Shelves
3⁄4 x 7 x 161⁄2
1 x 8 pine

E 1 Towel rod
3⁄4 x 18"
Dowel

F 1 Wall cleat
3⁄4 x 11⁄2 x 161⁄2
1 x 2 pine

G Door molding (short)
1⁄4 x 3⁄4 x cut to fit
Retainer molding

H Door molding (long)
1⁄4 x 3⁄4 x cut to fit
Retainer molding

What You'll Need

Tools:

Pencil
Tape measure
Combination square
Router, profiling bit
Circular saw
Jig saw
Clamps
Hammers
Drill/driver
3/4" Spade bit

Materials:

(1) 8 ft. 1 x 10
(1) 4 ft. 1 x 8
(1) 3/4" Dowel
(1) Screen retainer molding (10 lineal ft.)
(2) Door knobs
(2) Touch latches
(2) Hinges
Drywall or deck screws
Finish nails
Finishing materials

 

Step 1

General Instructions

Assembling your bathroom cabinet is a simple process of gluing, clamping and nailing. It is worth investing in a couple of 24" bar clamps or pipe clamps if you don’t own them already, although another option is to use screws instead of nails to fasten the parts, relying on the screws to provide clamp-like pressure to the glue joints. Only do this if you are painting the cabinet.


Step 2

Glue Sides & Shelves

Lay the side boards on a flat surface, lying parallel and on their back edges. Cut the 1 x 2 cleat and the 7"-wide shelves to length (16 1/2"). Note: The shelves are 1/2" narrower than the sides to provide clearance for the doors. Position the cleat and the shelves between the cabinet sides, making sure everything fits squarely. Then, apply wood glue to the ends of all three parts and clamp them between the cabinet sides.


Step 3

Clamping & Nailing

Then, clamp the sides with bar clamps and check with a framing square to make sure the sides are square to the shelves. Also make sure the middle shelf is perpendicular to the sides.
Before the glue sets (about 15 minutes) drive three 6d finish nails through the cabinet sides and into each shelf end. Drive a pair of nails into the wall cleat.


Step 4

Installing the Towel Rack

It is always a good idea to drill pilot holes for nailing. Insert the towel rod into the holes in the cabinet sides. Once it is in position, push it inward 1/2" or so on one side and apply glue to the inside surfaces of the dowel hole. Then, press the rod from the other side to reveal about 1/2" of the hole and apply glue. Push the rod so the ends are flush with the cabinet sides and the drive one 3d finish nail through the back edge of each cabinet side and into the dowel to pin it in place.


 
 

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