How to Build the Simple Storage Shed Part 2 of 2

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The name of this practical outbuilding says it all. It’s an easy-to-build, sturdy, 8 x 10-ft. shed with plenty of storage space.


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The name of this practical outbuilding says it all. It’s an easy-to-build, sturdy, 8 x 10-ft. shed with plenty of storage space. With no windows it also offers good security. The clean, symmetrical interior and centrally located double doors make for easy access to your stuff. The walls are ready to be lined with utility shelves, and you can quickly add a ramp to simplify parking the lawnmower, wheelbarrow, and other yard equipment.
This shed is indeed basic, but it’s also a nicely proportioned building with architecturally appropriate features like overhanging eaves and just enough trim to give it a quality, hand-built appearance. Without getting too fancy—remember, simplicity is the central design idea—you might consider finishing the exterior walls and roof of the shed with the same materials used on your house. This easy modification visually integrates the shed with the rest of the property and provides a custom look that you can’t get with kit buildings.
Inside the shed, you can maximize storage space by building an attic: Install full-length 2 x 4 or 2 x 6 joists (which also serve as rafter ties) and cover them with 1⁄2" plywood. Include one or more framed-in access openings that you can easily reach with a stepladder. This type of storage space is ideal for seldom-used household items—like winter clothing and holiday decorations—that you can stow in covered plastic bins.
The simplicity and economy of this shed design also make it a great choice for cabins, vacation homes, and other remote locations. A heavy-duty hasp latch and padlock on the door, along with head and foot slide bolts inside, will provide the security you need when you’re away for long periods.

What You'll Need


circular saw



Drainage material 1.25 cu. yd. Compactable gravel
Skids 2 @ 10' 4 x 6 pressure-treated landscape timbers
Rim joists 2 @ 10' 2 x 8 pressure-treated, rated for ground contact
Joists 9 @ 8' 2 x 8 pressure-treated
Floor sheathing 3 sheets @ 4 x 8' 3⁄4" tongue-&-groove ext.-grade plywood

Wall Framing

Bottom plates 2 @ 10', 2 @ 8' 2 x 4
Top plates 4 @ 10', 4 @ 8' 2 x 4
Studs 36 @ 8' 2 x 4
Door header 1 @ 10' 2 x 6

Roof Framing

Rafters 6 @ 12' 2 x 6
Rafter blocking 2 @ 10' 2 x 6
Ridge board 1 @ 10' 1 x 8
Collar ties 2 @ 12' 2 x 4

Exterior Finishes

Siding 11 sheets @ 4 x 8' 1⁄2" Texture 1-11 plywood siding
Fascia 4 @ 12' 1 x 8
Corner trim 8 @ 8' 1 x 2
Gable wall trim 2 @ 8' 1 x 4
Siding flashing 16 linear ft. Metal Z-flashing


(& door header spacer) 5 sheets @ 4 x 8'
1⁄2" exterior-grade
plywood roof sheathing
15# building paper 1 roll
Shingles 11⁄4 squares Asphalt shingles—250# per sq. min.
Drip edge 45 linear ft. Metal drip edge


Frames 7 @ 8' 2 x 4 pressure-treated
Panels 1 sheet @ 4 x 8' 1⁄2" Texture 1-11

plywood siding

Stops & overlap trim 4 @ 8' 1 x 2 pressure-treated

Fasteners & Hardware

16d galvanized common nails 4 lbs.
16d common nails 10 lbs.
10d common nails 2 lb.
8d galvanized common nails 3 lbs.
8d box nails 3 lbs.
8d galvanized siding or finish nails 9 lbs.
1" galvanized roofing nails 5 lbs.
Door hinges with screws 6 @ 31⁄2" Galvanized metal hinges
Door handle 1
Door lock (optional) 1
Door head bolt 1
Door foot bolt 1
Construction adhesive


Step 1

Adding an Attic

To build an attic floor for storage, cut six 2 x 4 or 2 x 6 floor joists at 95" (use 2 x 6s if you plan to store heavy items in the attic). If necessary, clip the top corners of the joists so they won’t extend above the tops of the rafters. Fasten the joists to the rafters and wall plates with 10d common nails (photo A). At the end rafters, install 2" blocking against the rafters, then attach the joists to the blocking and gable wall studs.
Frame access openings with two header joists spanning neighboring floor joists (photo B). For heavier storage, double up the floor joists on either side of the opening, then use doubled headers to frame the opening. Join doubled members with pairs of 10d common nails every 16". Cover the joists with 1⁄2" plywood fastened with 8d nails to complete the attic floor.

Step 2

Adding an Attic

Enclose the rafter bays over the walls with 2 x 6 blocking. Bevel the top edge of the blocking at 33.5° so it will be flush with the rafters. Cut the blocks to fit snugly between pairs of rafters and install them. Install 1 x 8 fascia boards at the ends of the rafters along the eaves, and over the siding on the gable ends. Keep the fascia 1⁄2" above the tops of the rafters.

Step 3

Adding an Attic

Apply 1⁄2" roof sheathing, starting at the bottom corner of either roof plane. The sheathing should be flush with the tops of the fascia boards. Add the metal drip edge, building paper, and asphalt shingle roofing.

Step 4

Adding an Attic

Construct the two doors from 2 x 4 bracing and 1⁄2" siding, as shown in the DOOR DETAIL. The doors are identical. Each measures 48 1⁄2" x 80 1⁄2". Mortise the butt hinges into the door brace and wall frame, and install the doors leaving a 1⁄4" gap between the doors and along the top and bottom.

Step 5

Adding an Attic

Trim the corners of the shed with 1 x 2s. Also add a piece of 1 x 2 trim on one of the doors to cover the gap between the doors. Install 1 x 4 trim horizontally to cover the Z-flashing at the side walls. Install door locks and hardware as desired.



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